SAE Researches on Hellenism

Researches on Hellenism


Financing: General Secretariat for Greeks Abroad – European Social Fund

Person in charge: Socrates Katsikas, Assistant Professor (Ν. 407/80)

Aegean University
Committee of Researches
Voulgaroktonou 30
Athens 11472

tel: 010-6442727
Fax: 010-6448428

© The reproduction or republication of this study is prohibited at any way, without the written authorisation of study’s person in charge , on behalf of the Aegean University, as well as the General Secretariat For Greeks Abroad.

Study Group
Person in charge: Katsikas Socrates

Students: Vernikos Nikolaos, Georgala Maria, Gritzalis Dimitris, Daskalopoulou – Kapetanaki Sophia, Papastamopoulou Anna

Gathering/analysis of data: Gritzalis Stefanos, Laynioti Arsinoe, Berlis Giannis

Data input: Verikiou Garyfallia

Minimum offer to the world hellenism
To the memory of the emigrant barber (Chicago, 1910)
Socrates Katsikas
To the memory of the emigrant worker of the railways (Chicago, 1914)
Dimitris Gritzalis


I would like – and from this position – to express so much my personal earnest gratitudes, as the gratitudes of all the members of our Study Team, to all those that helped in the development of this study.Particularly, gratitudes are given to:

The General Secretariat For Greeks Abroad for the assignment of this project.
Mrs Eva Papadatou and to all the members of the General Secretariat For Greeks Abroad, so much for the exceptional spirit of collaboration they have shown, as for their willingness to dispose all the evidents they got and suggest other possible methodological ways and solutions in some difficult stages of the project.

All the personnel of the Commitee of Research of the Aegean University, so much for their immediate response to the lots of our requests , as for the gigh quality of administrative support they provided us with throughout the project.

The administrative personnel of the Mathematics Department of the Aegean University for their help in the accompishment of this indeed large amount of correspondence that was traded ttroughout the project.
All the representatives of the homogeny organisations who accepted to answer to the questionnaires we sent them, as mush as to those who accompanied their answers with earnest precepts and wishes for the successful fulfilment of our project.

The emigrant academics Mr. Gianni Vasilakaki, Stathi Gauntlett, Gregory Jusdanis, George Kanarakis, Stavros Konstantinou, Lefteris Papadimitri, Minas Savvas, Anastasios Tamis and Harry Psomiades, not only for their valuable evidences that they kindly disposed , but also because with their efforts they make broadly known the problems, the particularities and the work of the emigrant hellenism, in the countries they live and create.

Without the valuable help and the complete support of all the above, the fulfilment of this project would be impossible.

Socrates Katsikas
Assistant Professor(N. 407/80)
Person in charge


The emigrant hellenism constitutes – demographic – almost another Greece. The emigrant hellenism of the countries overseas (Australia, U.S.A, Canada, New Zeland) holds a ruling position, so much for historical reasons (the first greek emigrants in the countries overseas appeared in the ends of the 18th century), as for the particularly large population (the evidences of the present study estimate the population of the hellenism in the countries overseas in the amount of 2.000.000 people, approximately).
For the study of the homogeny population in the overseas countries three different sources of evidences were used:

i.official statistical facts,

ii.results of similar studies and analyses, and

iii.primary evidences that were collected by the study group with the help of questionnaires, which were completed by the representatives of homogeny organisations of the studied countries.

The main objectives of the present study/file are:

The collection, organisation and presentation, with a systematic and supervisory way, of the the quantitative evidences that determine the basic characteristics of emigrant hellenism.

This characteristics cover the following axes of interest:

1. Homogeny population (the study includes evidences about the overall population of the emigrant hellenism, their geographical distribution per region of each studied country, their age-related distribution, their time of stay in the country of migration and the citizenship they possess).

2. Occupational activities (the study includes evidences about the type of professions they practise, as well as evidences about their economic robustness).

3. Education (the study includes evidences about the educative level of the emmigrants, evidences about the schools where their children study, per level of education and form of school (greek-speaking, bilingual etc), evidences about the existing educational personnel per level of education, as well as evidences about the provided university education in classic or modern greek language, history etc, from the Universities of overseas countries).

4. Linguistic characteristics (the study includes evidences for the language that speak the emigrants in the house – but also outside of it – evidences about the level of knowledge of the greek language, generally, as well as about the considerable literary activities and performances of the homogeny element, so much today as well in the past).

5. Greek Orthodox Church (the study includes evidences about the history and the organising of the Greek Orthodoxe Church in each overseas country, about the temples that officiate , as well as estimates about the religious sentiment of the emigrants, according to the estimates of the representatives of the homogeny organisations).

6. Mass Media (the study includes evidences so much about the printed, as evidences about the electronic mass media of homogeny interest.This evidences deal with history, the growth, the activities, the problems and the achievements of the mass media.They deal, also, with their distribution characteristics, their transmission frequency, the type of information they provide, their sources of information, and the sufficiency of these sources etc).

7. National Issues (the study includes estimates for the briefing of the homogeny on the primal national issues (the Cyprus issue, Turkish expansionism, the Macedonian issue, rights of the hellenism of the north Hepirus), as well as on other issues (i.e land sale to foreigner owners etc), that are regarded as national).

8. Organisation of the Homogeny (the study includes evidences about the history and the types of organisation of hellenism , as well as specific evidences about the present associations and communities of the homogeny, per country).

The detection of certain tendencies and the social-economically characteristics of the homogeny of overseas countries.

These tendencies and characteristics include:

1. Repatriation tendecy (the study includes evidences that derive so much from statistical resources, as from the estimates of the representatives of the homogeny organisations).

2. Percentages of mixed marriages (the study includes evidences that derive from the estimates of the representatives of the homogeny organisations).

3. Percentages of religious marriages (the study includes evidences that derive from the estimates of the representatives of the homogeny organisations).

4. The position of the elder in the family (the study includes evidences about the residence of the elder emigrants, about the residence of the second and third generation emigrants, when they are getting married, according to the estimates of the r epresentatives of the homogeny organisations).

5. The primal social problems and their hierarchy,per overseas country (alcoholism, racism, criminality, unemployment, social isolation, family separation etc, according to the estimates of the representatives of the homogeny organisations).

6. The typical composition of a homogenous family (according to the estimates of the representatives of the homogeny organisations).

The collection,encoding and apposition of the ascertainments, problems and demands of the emigrants, as these were expressed by the representatives of the homogeny organisations.

The ascertainments that have been made, the problems that have beeen located, as well as the demands that were formulated, were coded according to the following axes of interest:

1. The Mass Media (lack of valid and timely information, lack of professional executives, lack of interest, economic poverty etc).

2. The Greek Education (lack of gifted educational, economic poverty of the teachers, lack of special school handbooks for the rendering of bilingual education etc).

3. The interest on the Orthodox church (continuous disputes between the institutions of church and their consequences, difficulty of comprehension of the ecclesiastical texts language etc).

4. The cultural activities (the preserved customs and their relation to the Metropolis etc).

5. The proposed interventions by the government (the upgrade of the General Secretariat to a Ministry for Greeks Abroad, foundation of a special service in the General Secretariat of Press and Information, further organisation of the homogeny, efficient collaboration with other the responsible ministries and diplomatic services etc).

For each one of these axes are formulated specific ascertainments, problems and possible proposals, as these resulted from the answers of the representatives of the homogeny organisations.

The results of the study are framed by a range of Indexes, which contain useful information for the communication with the organised homogeny of the overseas countries.

An additional, final, estimate of the study group is that the evidences that resulted from the project can constitute critical raw material, in order to be used used by social researchers for the further qualitative analysis of the emigrant hellenism characteristics.